Throughout my youth I have heard freestyle

swimming called the Australian Crawl.

Until today I had never researched the term

to see if it was in fact correct.

Some say the freestyle stroke has been used since antiquity,

and certainly by Native Americans in 1844.

In 1873, John Arthur Trudgen took a trip to Argentina

and developed a crawl stroke mimicking the native South Americans,

but he used a wide and inefficient scissor kick, instead of the flutter kick.

This hybrid stroke became popular and was called the Trudgen stroke.

Australian, Richmond “Dick” Cavill, was inspired by

Solomon Islander Alick Wickham in the early 1900s.

Cavill experimented and developed a modified Trudgen stroke

which ultimately became known as the “Australian Crawl”.  

Charles Daniel is credited with adding the six-beat kick,

which further developed the stroke

into what some call the “American crawl”. 

Source: https://swimswam.com/the-origin-of-freestyle-the-australian-crawl/

Click here for more info about the-origin-of-freestyle-the-australian-crawl/

I think anyone who follows swimming will have heard of the Six Beat Kick,

however I have never heard it called the American Crawl.




Decided to focus on Sydney this week.

Two images of…

…the Sydney Harbour Bridge.



…two  images of the Sydney Opera House…

…taken from the Bridge.

Probably safe to say that water is the only

non man-made item in these shots.


Cee’s Black & White Challenge:  Made-by-Humans





In my youth I learned that ‘spending a penny

was a euphemism for going  to the toilet/bathroom.

So I just had to take a photo, or two…

of these toilets in vienna during a break inn our dinner.

I have never previously seen toilets

decorated in this fashion.

Everything from the wall art to the chandelier

made it worth spending a penny.



To make it even better I don’t remember

there being a charge for their use as with many other

places we stopped at while in Europe.

Then we visited Pompeii and were so grateful for the comfort

and privacy we had when spending our pennies,

at earlier and subsequent stops.  🙂

I believe ‘the ladies‘ was decorated in similar fashion.


Word of the Day Challenge:  Worth